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Mud-brick palace is Yemen’s latest heritage site facing disaster



Yemen’s Seiyun Palace, one of the world’s largest mud-brick structures, has become the war-torn country’s latest heritage site facing the risk of collapse as heavy rains and years of neglect take their toll.

The deterioration of the bright white building, reminiscent of a giant sandcastle with rounded turrets on its corners, reflects Yemen’s downward spiral since 2014 when Houthi rebels took over the capital Sanaa and large parts of northern Yemen from the internationally-recognised government.

A Saudi-led coalition intervened in support of the government in March 2015 that has proved to be catastrophic, pushing the Middle East’s poorest nation towards a humanitarian disaster.

Authorities have struggled to secure funds to maintain important sites such as the palace, now a museum, in the city of Seiyun in central Hadramawt province.

The building has fallen into disrepair, making it vulnerable to floods that have hit the country in recent months.

Abdullah Barmada, an engineer who specialises in the restoration of historical buildings, appealed for international assistance to save the structure.

“It is dangerous and, if not quickly restored, it is at risk of collapsing,” Barmada said.

“There is damage to the base of the structure, the walls, the roofs, and it needs to be fixed and then routinely maintained,” he told AFP.

The floods have killed many and damaged UNESCO-listed World Heritage sites including high-rise mud-brick “skyscrapers” further west in Shibam.

In Yemen’s third city of Taiz, the newly restored National Museum was a major casualty last month, with parts of the former Ottoman palace reduced to rubble.

‘Secret places’

The Seiyun Palace, once home to the sultan of the Kathiris who ruled much of the region from the 1500s until the 20th century, opened its doors to the public in 1984.

Hussein Aidarous, head of the department of antiquities and museums in Hadramawt, said even though the palace had sustained a lot of damage, it remained one of the few of its kind still standing.

“This large building is considered one of the most important mud-brick buildings in Yemen and maybe even in the Arabian Peninsula,” he told AFP.

The facade of the seven-story edifice still retains its original grandeur.

Its imposing lines feature on Yemen’s 1,000-riyal banknote, the highest denomination, worth about $4.

With regular rows of windows that overlook a busy street, from outside the palace seems to be in solid condition.

But the interior shows clear signs of damage, with cracks in the walls and a partially collapsed roof.

It shut after the war broke out but partially reopened last year, receiving a steady stream of visitors, museum officials said.

Director Said Baychout said the museum showcases items excavated in the province, including tombstones that date back to the Stone Age and the dawn of civilisation in Yemen.

There are also Bronze Age statues, and pottery and ancient manuscripts from the pre-Islamic period.

But its most prized possessions, he said, are stashed away, for fear that one of Yemen’s warring groups could target them.

“The museum was closed at the start of the conflict when Al-Qaeda entered Hadramawt, and artefacts were hidden, over fears of looting, pillaging and damage,” Baychout told AFP.

“Until now, the important and rare artefacts are hidden in secret places.”


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Texas court blocks limits on mail-in ballot drop boxes



Texas governor previously ordered each county have one drop-off location, drawing concerns over voter suppression.

An appeals court in the US state of Texas ruled Friday that Governor Greg Abbott cannot limit drop-off sites for mail-in ballots to one per county, in what could be a setback for United States President Donald Trump.

Upholding a lower court decision, the Texas Third Court of Appeals ruled that limiting the number of drop boxes would increase the risk that voters could be infected with COVID-19 and would infringe on their right to vote.

Trump has repeatedly criticised mail-in ballots, claiming without evidence that they would lead to widespread voter fraud ahead of the November 3 contest that pits the Republican president against former Vice President Joe Biden.

Trump won Texas by nine percentage points in 2016.

Though a Democratic presidential candidate has not won the state in more than four decades, opinion polls suggest that victory may be in reach for Biden, partly due to voters’ dissatisfaction over Trump’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Abbott on October 1 issued an order limiting mail-in ballot drop boxes to one per county, regardless of size or population.

The order raised concerns and criticism that it would put a strain on voters in larger counties like Harris, which encompasses the city of Houston and is home to a racially diverse population of over four million people.

Harris County often elects Democratic candidates, such as Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner.

In its unanimous ruling on Friday, the three-member Texas Third Court of Appeals expressed concerns that limiting drop boxes would increase wait times and create long lines, endangering the health of voters.

Attorney General Ken Paxton said his office would “immediately appeal” to the Texas Supreme Court in a statement released after the ruling.

The court’s decision in Texas is the latest blow to efforts to limit drop-off locations for ballots across the US.

On October 10, a federal judge rejected the Trump re-election campaign’s attempts to limit how mail-in ballots are collected in the battleground state of Pennsylvania.


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Fauci thinks the US should mandate mask use as the pandemic persists



French President Emmanuel Macron (2nd L) chairs a meeting with the medical staff of the René Dubos hospital center, in Pontoise, in the Val d'Oise, on October 23, 2020, as the country faces a new wave of infections to the Covid-19.
French President Emmanuel Macron (2nd L) chairs a meeting with the medical staff of the René Dubos hospital center, in Pontoise, in the Val d’Oise, on October 23, 2020, as the country faces a new wave of infections to the Covid-19. Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images

France reported a new daily record for coronavirus infections with 42,032 new cases in the past 24 hours, according to numbers released by country’s health agency on Friday.

This brings the total number of confirmed cases in France to 1,041,075, according to French government statistics, and marks the first time the government’s coronavirus case tally has surpassed 1 million. 

France also recorded 298 additional coronavirus deaths, bringing the death toll to 34,508, according to the French Health Agency. 

According to government data, an additional 976 coronavirus patients have been admitted to the hospital, and a further 122 coronavirus patients entered intensive care in the last 24 hours. 

Speaking at a health center this afternoon, French President Emmanuel Macron said he expects France will have to live with the virus until at least the summer of 2021.

“When I listen to the scientists, and the Scientific Council, we foresee [living with the virus] at best until next summer,” Macron said. “It is still too early to say whether we are moving towards wider local re-confinements, we will try each time to reduce the places, the moments when we have identified that the virus was circulating a lot. This is the strategy we will pursue.”

Macron added that the government aims to implement new restrictions in the most targeted way possible. 

From midnight on Friday, France’s nighttime coronavirus curfew will be extended more widely, with 46 million French people affected, announced French Prime Minister Jean Castex on Thursday. 

To note: According to the latest data from Johns Hopkins University, France has recorded 1,048,924 coronavirus cases and 34,236 deaths. CNN’s Paris Bureau is working on clarifying the discrepancy between state statistics and the university’s numbers.


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US scientists find country’s first ‘murder hornet’ nest



The Washington State Department of Agriculture plans to try to eradicate the Asian giant hornet nest on Saturday.

Scientists in the northwest United States have located the country’s first nest of Asian giant hornets, otherwise known as “murder hornets”.

In a statement on Friday, the Washington State Department of Agriculture said entomologists discovered the nest inside the cavity of a tree on a property in Blaine, a small town on the state’s northern border with Canada.

The agency said its team observed “dozens” of hornets entering and exiting the tree.

It plans to try to eradicate the nest on Saturday, after poor weather forced it to delay plans to dismantle it Friday, it said.

“Asian giant hornets, an invasive pest not native to the US, are the world’s largest hornet and a predator of honey bees and other insects,” the department’s statement read. “A small group of Asian giant hornets can kill an entire honey bee hive in a matter of hours.”

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The two-inch insects, dubbed “murder hornets” because of their strong sting that can be fatal to some humans, especially after repeated stings, were first spotted in the US in December 2019 when the Washington State Department of Agriculture verified two reported sightings near Blaine.

More sightings were reported in Washington State throughout the year.

The agriculture department said in September that it hoped to find and eradicate the hornets’ nest by mid-month before new queens emerge and mate, which would help it “prevent the spread” of the invasive species.

The hornet has also been sighted in the Canadian province of British Columbia, just north of the Washington State border.

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Asian giant hornets can sting through most beekeeper suits, deliver nearly seven times the amount of venom as a honey bee, and sting multiple times, AP news agency reported.

The department of agriculture in Washington State also cautioned that while the hornets are not generally aggressive towards humans, they can pose a health threat.

“Their string is more dangerous than that of local bees and wasps and can cause severe pain, swelling, necrosis, and, in rare cases, even death,” it says on its website.

In its statement Friday, the department said it discovered the nest after four live hornets were found in two separate traps on October 21 and October 22.

Entomologists were able to attach radio trackers to three of the hornets, one of which led them to the nest, it said.


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